Fibromyalgia is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain accompanied by fatigue, and problems with sleep, memory, and mood. The condition amplifies painful sensations that affect the way the brain and spinal cord process signals of pain.
Many researchers believe that repeated nerve stimulation causes changes in the brain and spinal cord of people with fibromyalgia. This change involves an abnormal increase in levels of certain chemicals in the brain that signal pain.
In addition, the brain’s pain receptors become sensitized and develop a sort of memory of the pain. This can cause an overreaction to painful and non painful signals.
Risk factors for fibromyalgia include:
The main symptoms of fibromyalgia include:
Fibromyalgia may coexist with the following conditions:
Though there is no cure for the condition, patients can experience pain relief with certain treatments.